Revive & Restore Scientific Publications

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November 13, 2018

Ben J. Novak

Abstract: De-extinction projects for species such as the woolly mammoth and passenger pigeon have greatly stimulated public and scientific interest, producing a large body of literature and much debate. To date, there has been little consistency in descriptions of de-extinction technologies and purposes. In 2016, a special committee of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) published a set of guidelines for de-extinction practice, Read More

Tom Maloney, Ryan Phelan, and Naira Simmons

Abstract: Horseshoe crabs have been integral to the safe production of vaccines and injectable medications for the past 40 years. The bleeding of live horseshoe crabs, a process that leaves thousands dead annually, is an ecologically unsustainable practice for all four species of horseshoe crab and the shorebirds that rely on their eggs as a primary food source during spring migration. Populations of both horseshoe crabs and shorebirds are in decline. Read More

CRISPR Journal

Advancing a New Toolkit for Conservation: From Science to Policy

February 2018
Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 11-15

Ben J. Novak, Tom Maloney, and Ryan Phelan

Abstract: Climate change and non-native wildlife diseases are exacerbating persistent challenges to biodiversity such as habitat destruction, invasive species and over-harvesting. With these increasing threats there is a pressing need to expand the conservationists’ toolbox. Read More


Novak, Ben. “De-Extinction.” Genes. November 13, 2018.
Maloney, Tom; Phelan, Ryan; and Simmons, Naira. “Saving the horseshoe crab: A synthetic alternative to horseshoe crab blood for endotoxin detection.” PLOS Biology. October 12, 2018.
Novak, Ben; Maloney, Tom; and Phelan, Ryan. “Advancing a New Toolkit for Conservation: From Science to Policy.” CRISPR Journal. February 2018: Vol. 1, No. 1, 11-15.
Novak, Ben; Estes, James; Shaw, Holland; Novak, Erika V; and Shapiro, Beth. “Experimental Investigation of the Dietary Ecology of the Extinct Passenger Pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius.” Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. March 5, 2018: Vol. 6.


Novak, Ben et. al, “Natural selection shaped the rise and fall of passenger pigeon genomic diversity.” Science. 17 Nov 2017: Vol. 358, No. 6365, 951-954. Read More
Oehler, David A; Novak, Ben et. al, “Husbandry Protocols for the Band-tailed pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata albilinea, at the WCS, Bronx Zoo for future conservation management programs.” Zoo Biology. 15 Dec 2017: 1-8. Read More
Kjelland, Michael E; Novak, Ben et. al, “Manipulating the avian egg: applications for embryo transfer, transgenics, and cloning.” Avian Biology Research. 3 January 2017: Vol. 10, No. 3, 146-155. Read More


Piaggio, Antoinette J; Seddon, Philip J; Redford, Kent H; Phelan, Ryan et. al, “Is It Time for Synthetic Biodiversity Conservation?” Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 19 Nov 2016: Vol. 32, No. 2, 97 – 107.Read More
Soares, André; Novak, Ben J; Church, George M; Shapiro, Beth et. al, “Complete mitochondrial genomes of living and extinct pigeons revise the timing of the columbiform radiation.” BMC Evolutionary Biology 16 Oct 2016: Vol. 16, No. 1, 230.Read More


Wisely, Samantha M; Ryder, Oliver A; Novak, Ben J et. al, “A Road Map for 21st Century Genetic Restoration: Gene Pool Enrichment of the Black-Footed Ferret.” Journal of Heredity. Sept-Oct 2015; Volume 106, Issue 5, 581- 592.Read More